Expensive spice Saffron called “Red Gold” has been known since ancient times with its color, taste and medicinal properties, which is widely used in Iran and many parts of the world and has been one of the most expensive ingredients in the world throughout history.
95% of the world’s saffron is produced and exported in Iran.
Saffron with incredible properties is traditionally grown in Khorasan Razavi province, cities (Gonabad, Ghaenat and Torbat Heydariyeh), regions in Northeastern Iran with ideal subtropical climates that have mild winters and hot and dry summers. The saffron flower first appears in early autumn. The flower cover consists of three sepals and three petals of purple color. In the Zagros Mountains, Saffron is a valuable spice with the scientific name Crocus Sativus from the Iridaceous family.